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Income-related inequalities in informal care: Evidence from the Longitudinal Healthy Longevity Survey in China

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Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1691-1696
Number of pages6
JournalJournals of Gerontology Series. B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
Issue number8
Published1 Oct 2021

Bibliographical note

Funding Information: This work is funded by King's-China Scholarship Council PhD Scholarship programme. Publisher Copyright: © The Author(s) 2021.

King's Authors


Objectives: This report aims to examine income-related inequalities in informal care among older people with functional limitations in China. Methods: Data are drawn from the 2005, 2008, 2011, and 2014 waves of the Chinese Longitudinal Healthy Longevity Survey. Erreygers concentration index, concentration index, and horizontal inequity index are used to examine inequalities in informal care. A random effects model is then used to investigate the relationship between household income and informal care. Results: There is no significant association between household income and the probability of receiving informal care. However, we observed a significant positive association between household income and hours of informal care received, indicating that those with higher household income receive more hours of informal care compared to those with lower household income. The degree of this inequality increases as the number of functional limitations increases. Discussion: Lower household income is associated with lower intensity of informal care received, particularly for older people with more functional limitations. Policies are required to support low-income older people with more functional limitations.

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