Indian counterterrorism policy and the influence of the global war on terror

Harsh V. Pant, Ivan Lidarev

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


India has been a major victim of Islamist terrorism and has long fought against an array of Islamist terrorist groups. Since the 9/11 terrorist attacks, India’s previously lonely struggle against terrorism has taken place against the background of the US-led Global War on Terror (GWOT). After outlining India’s Islamist terrorist challenge, this article examines India’s evolving approach to counterterrorism and how the GWOT has influenced it. It concludes that India has adopted a localized, defensive, law-andorder approach to counterterrorism which has evolved in response to various attacks over the years but still remains seriously underdeveloped. The GWOT has influenced Indian counterterrorism in important ways, although its influence has been subtle and indirect rather than transformative. The GWOT has enhanced Indo-American counterterror cooperation, shaped India’s terror environment by launching the war in Afghanistan and enriched Indian counterterrorism with American experience. Just as important, it has also had an impact on India’s debate on counterterrorism, civil liberties and human rights.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)181-208
Number of pages28
JournalIndia Review
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 15 Mar 2018


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