Individual, social and environmental factors influencing dietary behaviour in shift workers with type 2 diabetes working in UK healthcare: A cross‐sectional survey

Sophie Rubner, Maria D'Annibale, Nick Oliver, Barbara McGowan, Nicola Guess, Fabiana Lorencatto, Rachel Gibson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: The present study aimed to understand the individual, social and environmental factors influencing dietary behaviour in shift workers with type 2 diabetes (T2D) working in UK healthcare settings. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted using data collected from an anonymous online survey. Participant agreement was measured using five-point Likert scale (strongly disagree to strongly agree) against 38 belief statements informed by the Theoretical Domains Framework (TDF) of behaviour change. Results: From the complete responses (n = 119), 65% worked shifts without nights, 27% worked mixed shift rota including nights and 8% worked only night shifts. The statements ranked with the highest agreements were in the TDF domains: Environment Context/Resources (ECR) – mainly identified as a barrier to healthy eating, Behaviour Regulation (BR) and intention (IN) – identified as enablers to healthy eating. For the belief statement ‘the available options for purchasing food are too expensive’ (ECR), 80% of night workers and 75% non-night workers agreed/strongly agreed. Taking their own food to work to prevent making unhealthy food choices (BR) had agreement/strong agreement in 73% of non-night and 70% night workers; 74% non-night workers and 80% of night workers agreed/strongly agreed with the statement ‘I would like to eat healthily at work’ (IN). Mixed shift workers agreed that following dietary advice was easier when working a non-night compared to a night shift (p = 0.002). Conclusions: Access and affordability of food were identified as important determinants of dietary behaviour during shifts. The findings support interventions targeting the food environment for shift workers with T2D.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1992-2009
Number of pages18
JournalJOURNAL OF HUMAN NUTRITION AND DIETETICS
Volume36
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2023

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