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Inequalities in microbial contamination of drinking water supplies in urban areas: The case of Lilongwe, Malawi

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Inequalities in microbial contamination of drinking water supplies in urban areas : The case of Lilongwe, Malawi. / Boakye-Ansah, Akosua Sarpong; Ferrero, Giuliana; Rusca, Maria et al.

In: Journal Of Water And Health, Vol. 14, No. 5, 01.10.2016, p. 851-863.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Harvard

Boakye-Ansah, AS, Ferrero, G, Rusca, M & Van Der Zaag, P 2016, 'Inequalities in microbial contamination of drinking water supplies in urban areas: The case of Lilongwe, Malawi', Journal Of Water And Health, vol. 14, no. 5, pp. 851-863. https://doi.org/10.2166/wh.2016.258

APA

Boakye-Ansah, A. S., Ferrero, G., Rusca, M., & Van Der Zaag, P. (2016). Inequalities in microbial contamination of drinking water supplies in urban areas: The case of Lilongwe, Malawi. Journal Of Water And Health, 14(5), 851-863. https://doi.org/10.2166/wh.2016.258

Vancouver

Boakye-Ansah AS, Ferrero G, Rusca M, Van Der Zaag P. Inequalities in microbial contamination of drinking water supplies in urban areas: The case of Lilongwe, Malawi. Journal Of Water And Health. 2016 Oct 1;14(5):851-863. https://doi.org/10.2166/wh.2016.258

Author

Boakye-Ansah, Akosua Sarpong ; Ferrero, Giuliana ; Rusca, Maria et al. / Inequalities in microbial contamination of drinking water supplies in urban areas : The case of Lilongwe, Malawi. In: Journal Of Water And Health. 2016 ; Vol. 14, No. 5. pp. 851-863.

Bibtex Download

@article{aa99fd2119c54a1f84a70a6f314003f0,
title = "Inequalities in microbial contamination of drinking water supplies in urban areas: The case of Lilongwe, Malawi",
abstract = "Over past decades strategies for improving access to drinking water in cities of the Global South have mainly focused on increasing coverage, while water quality has often been overlooked. This paper focuses on drinking water quality in the centralized water supply network of Lilongwe, the capital of Malawi. It shows how microbial contamination of drinking water is unequally distributed to consumers in low-income (unplanned areas) and higher-income neighbourhoods (planned areas). Microbial contamination and residual disinfectant concentration were measured in 170 water samples collected from in-house taps in high-income areas and from kiosks and water storage facilities in low-income areas between November 2014 and January 2015. Faecal contamination (Escherichia coli) was detected in 10% of the 40 samples collected from planned areas, in 59% of the 64 samples collected from kiosks in the unplanned areas and in 75% of the 32 samples of water stored at household level. Differences in water quality in planned and unplanned areas were found to be statistically significant at p <0.05. Finally, the paper shows how the inequalities in microbial contamination of drinking water are produced by decisions both on the development of the water supply infrastructure and on how this is operated and maintained.",
keywords = "Drinking water quality, Faecal contamination, Low-income urban areas, Malawi, Water utility management",
author = "Boakye-Ansah, {Akosua Sarpong} and Giuliana Ferrero and Maria Rusca and {Van Der Zaag}, Pieter",
year = "2016",
month = oct,
day = "1",
doi = "10.2166/wh.2016.258",
language = "English",
volume = "14",
pages = "851--863",
journal = "Journal Of Water And Health",
issn = "1477-8920",
publisher = "IWA Publishing",
number = "5",

}

RIS (suitable for import to EndNote) Download

TY - JOUR

T1 - Inequalities in microbial contamination of drinking water supplies in urban areas

T2 - The case of Lilongwe, Malawi

AU - Boakye-Ansah, Akosua Sarpong

AU - Ferrero, Giuliana

AU - Rusca, Maria

AU - Van Der Zaag, Pieter

PY - 2016/10/1

Y1 - 2016/10/1

N2 - Over past decades strategies for improving access to drinking water in cities of the Global South have mainly focused on increasing coverage, while water quality has often been overlooked. This paper focuses on drinking water quality in the centralized water supply network of Lilongwe, the capital of Malawi. It shows how microbial contamination of drinking water is unequally distributed to consumers in low-income (unplanned areas) and higher-income neighbourhoods (planned areas). Microbial contamination and residual disinfectant concentration were measured in 170 water samples collected from in-house taps in high-income areas and from kiosks and water storage facilities in low-income areas between November 2014 and January 2015. Faecal contamination (Escherichia coli) was detected in 10% of the 40 samples collected from planned areas, in 59% of the 64 samples collected from kiosks in the unplanned areas and in 75% of the 32 samples of water stored at household level. Differences in water quality in planned and unplanned areas were found to be statistically significant at p <0.05. Finally, the paper shows how the inequalities in microbial contamination of drinking water are produced by decisions both on the development of the water supply infrastructure and on how this is operated and maintained.

AB - Over past decades strategies for improving access to drinking water in cities of the Global South have mainly focused on increasing coverage, while water quality has often been overlooked. This paper focuses on drinking water quality in the centralized water supply network of Lilongwe, the capital of Malawi. It shows how microbial contamination of drinking water is unequally distributed to consumers in low-income (unplanned areas) and higher-income neighbourhoods (planned areas). Microbial contamination and residual disinfectant concentration were measured in 170 water samples collected from in-house taps in high-income areas and from kiosks and water storage facilities in low-income areas between November 2014 and January 2015. Faecal contamination (Escherichia coli) was detected in 10% of the 40 samples collected from planned areas, in 59% of the 64 samples collected from kiosks in the unplanned areas and in 75% of the 32 samples of water stored at household level. Differences in water quality in planned and unplanned areas were found to be statistically significant at p <0.05. Finally, the paper shows how the inequalities in microbial contamination of drinking water are produced by decisions both on the development of the water supply infrastructure and on how this is operated and maintained.

KW - Drinking water quality

KW - Faecal contamination

KW - Low-income urban areas

KW - Malawi

KW - Water utility management

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84991757061&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.2166/wh.2016.258

DO - 10.2166/wh.2016.258

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:84991757061

VL - 14

SP - 851

EP - 863

JO - Journal Of Water And Health

JF - Journal Of Water And Health

SN - 1477-8920

IS - 5

ER -

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