Inflammation leads through PGE/EP signaling to HDAC5/MEF2-dependent transcription in cardiac myocytes

András D Tóth, Richard Schell, Magdolna Lévay, Christiane Vettel, Philipp Theis, Clemens Haslinger, Felix Alban, Stefanie Werhahn, Lina Frischbier, Jutta Krebs-Haupenthal, Dominique Thomas, Hermann-Josef Gröne, Metin Avkiran, Hugo A Katus, Thomas Wieland, Johannes Backs

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The myocyte enhancer factor 2 (MEF2) regulates transcription in cardiac myocytes and adverse remodeling of adult hearts. Activators of G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) have been reported to activate MEF2, but a comprehensive analysis of GPCR activators that regulate MEF2 has to our knowledge not been performed. Here, we tested several GPCR agonists regarding their ability to activate a MEF2 reporter in neonatal rat ventricular myocytes. The inflammatory mediator prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) strongly activated MEF2. Using pharmacological and protein-based inhibitors, we demonstrated that PGE2 regulates MEF2 via the EP3 receptor, the βγ subunit of Gi/o protein and two concomitantly activated downstream pathways. The first consists of Tiam1, Rac1, and its effector p21-activated kinase 2, the second of protein kinase D. Both pathways converge on and inactivate histone deacetylase 5 (HDAC5) and thereby de-repress MEF2. In vivo, endotoxemia in MEF2-reporter mice induced upregulation of PGE2 and MEF2 activation. Our findings provide an unexpected new link between inflammation and cardiac remodeling by de-repression of MEF2 through HDAC5 inactivation, which has potential implications for new strategies to treat inflammatory cardiomyopathies.

Original languageEnglish
JournalEMBO Molecular Medicine
Early online date15 Jun 2018
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 15 Jun 2018

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