Influence of abrasive particle size on surface properties of flowable composites

Eriko Takanashi, Ryuzo Kishikawa, Masaomi Ikeda, Norimichi Inai, Masayuki Otsuki, Richard M. Foxton, Junju Tagami

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

30 Citations (Scopus)


The purpose of this investigation was to measure and compare both the surface roughness and gloss of flowable composites polished with standardized silicone carbide (SiC) papers. Four flowable and two conventional composites were used in this study. Polymerized specimens were subjected to a polishing procedure comprising 12 sequential steps from coarser to finer grits of SiC paper. At the initial polishing stage, flowable composites were more sensitive to the size of the polishing particles and thus yielded surfaces rougher than the conventional composites. Surface roughness became stable when polishing particles less than 1.3 mu m size were used. However, although surface roughness was reduced, an esthetic gloss quality was not achieved on the resultant polished surface. On the influence of filler shape, composites with spherical fillers seemed to have the upper-band advantage of attaining a high gloss by polishing. On the influence of polishing particle size, it was suggested that polishing should be completed with polishing particles less than 1.2 mu m size so as to achieve clinically satisfactory surface roughness and gloss.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)780 - 786
Number of pages7
JournalDental Materials Journal
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2008


Dive into the research topics of 'Influence of abrasive particle size on surface properties of flowable composites'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this