Influences of composite-composite join on light transmission characteristics of layered resin composites

Kanako Horie, Masatoshi Nakajima, Keiichi Hosaka, Kimisuke Kainose, Azusa Tanaka, Richard M. Foxton, Junji Tagami

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

23 Citations (Scopus)


Objectives. The purposes of this study were: (1) to determine the light transmission characteristics (straight-line and diffusion transmission) of bulk-filled and layered resin composites, and (2) to evaluate the effect of layering filling on translucency and color appearance of resin composites. Methods. Three light-cured resin composites (Estelite Sigma, Tokuyama Dental; Beautifil II, Shofu and Clearfil Majesty, Kuraray Medical) in A2 and OA2 shades were used in this study. 2 mm-thick resin composite discs were prepared by two methods; bulk filling technique (2 mm filling at one time), layering technique (two layers each 1 mm thickness). The transmitted light intensity of each resin composite disc was measured using a goniophotometer, and diffusion factor (DF), an indicator for diffuse transmission property, and peak gain (G0) for straight-line transmission were calculated from the light distribution graphs. Color was measured according to the CIELAB color scale on a spectrophotometer, and the translucency parameter (TP) and color difference (Delta E*) between bulk-filled and layered specimens were calculated. The data were statistically analyzed using three-way ANOVA, and Dunnett's T3 and t-test for post-hoc test. Results. Three-way ANOVA revealed that the layered specimens had significantly lower G0 values and higher DF values than the bulk-filled specimens, and significantly reduced TP values. The color differences (Delta E*) ranged from 1.07 to 1.85 between the bulk-filled and layered specimens. Significance. Resin composite placed in layers exhibited reduced straight-line light transmission and increased diffusion transmission compared with bulk-filled resin composite. The layering technique affected the translucency and color rendition of resin composite. (C) 2011 Academy of Dental Materials. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)204 - 211
Number of pages8
JournalDental Materials
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2012


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