Inhibition of the Na+/H+ exchanger attenuates the deterioration of ventricular function during pacing-induced heart failure in rabbits

S Aker, A K Snabaitis, I Konietzka, A van de Sand, K Bongler, M Avkiran, G Heusch, R Schulz

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67 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Aims: Inhibition of the Na+/H+-exchanger (NHE) preserves myocardial morphology and function in rat and mouse models of hypertrophy and failure. The mechanism(s) involved in such cardioprotective effects remain(s) unclear, but might involve blockade of increased protein kinase activity as observed in untreated hearts. Methods and results: We investigated the functional, morphological and biochemical consequences of NHE-inhibition with BIIB722 in rabbits with pacing-induced heart failure (HF). In sham rabbits treated with placebo (n = 9) or BIIB722 (30 mg/kg/day po, n = 9), LVend-diastolic diameter (LVEDD) and systolic fractional shortening (FS, %) remained unchanged. In HF rabbits (n = 9), LVEDD increased and FS decreased from 31.5 +/- 1.4 to 8.1 +/- 0.9 (p <0.05) at 3 weeks of LV pacing (400 bpm). Apoptosis, fibrosis and myocyte cross-sectional area as well as p38MAPK phosphorylation and iNOS protein expression were significantly increased in HF compared to sham rabbits. The activity of the 90 kDa NHE-kinase was greater in HF than in sham rabbits. In HF rabbits receiving BIIB722 prior to (18.1 +/- 2.2, n = 9) or following 1 week (15.5 +/- 1.6, n = 7) of pacing, FS at 3 weeks was better preserved than in untreated HF rabbits (p <0.05). Apoptosis, fibrosis, myocyte cross-sectional area, p38MAPK phosphorylation and NOS protein expression were significantly reduced in HF rabbits receiving BIIB722. Conclusion: NHE-inhibition attenuates the functional, morphological and biochemical derangements of pacing-induced HF in rabbits. (C) 2004 European Society of Cardiology. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)273 - 282
Number of pages10
JournalCardiovascular Research
Volume63
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2004

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