Institutions of Democractic Control and Oversight

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review


This chapter examines institutions that further civilian control and oversight over the armed forces. It begins with a conceptual discussion on the types of institutions which are central to the exercise democratic civilian control—the ministry of defence and the legislative branch. Despite functional similarity we argue that there is wide variance in their powers across countries. We also examine several other institutions which are not ordinarily associated with oversight but have historically played an important role like the judiciary, financial audit agencies, the media, and non-governmental organisations (NGOs). We illustrate the opportunities and challenges for exercising democratic civilian control over the armed forces with an empirical analysis of institutions of control and oversight in India and conclude by identifying some areas for future research.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationResearch Handbook on Civil–Military Relations
EditorsAurel Croissant, David Kuehn, David Pion-Berlin
PublisherEdward Elger
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2024


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