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Instrumentos para Evaluar Conocimientos, Actitudes y Prácticas en Salud Oral para Padres/Cuidadores de Niños Menores

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Stefania Martignon, Gloria Bautista-Mendoza, María González-Carrera, Gloria Lafaurie-Villamil, Veicy Morales, Ruth Santamaría, Stefania Martignon Biermann

Translated title of the contributionInstruments for evaluating oral health knowledge, attitudes and practice for parents /caregivers of small children
Original languageSpanish
Pages (from-to)308-314
Number of pages7
JournalRevista de salud pública (Bogotá, Colombia)
Volume10
Issue number2
DOIs
Published29 Nov 2008

King's Authors

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: Designing three instruments for evaluating oral health knowledge, attitudes and practice in parents/caregivers of low social-economic status 0-5 year-olds. Evaluating the instruments' reliability in terms of internal consistency and analysing items.

METHODS: Three instruments were constructed for evaluating low social-economic status 0-5 year-olds' parents/caregivers' oral health knowledge, attitudes and practice in the municipality of Usaquén , Bogotá , Colombia . 47 parents/caregivers were given a test establishing the instrument's reliability in terms of internal consistency and the adults' level of knowledge, attitudes and practice. A sub-sample was qualitatively analysed (content verification and understanding). Reliability was evaluated using Cronbach's alpha coefficient. Items were analysed for improving constructing and understanding the questions, taking four criteria into account: corrected homogeneity index (CHI), response trend, correlation between items and qualitative analysis.

RESULTS: Cronbach's alpha coefficient for knowledge, attitudes and practice was 0,82, 0,80 and 0,62, respectively. Participants' level of knowledge, attitudes and practice was acceptable (60 %, 55 % and 91 %, respectively).

CONCLUSIONS: This study found two out of the three evaluated instruments to be reliable (knowledge and attitudes); all three of them were then redesigned. The resulting instruments represent a valuable tool which can be used in future studies for describing and evaluating preventative programmes.

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