Integrable Wilson loops

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Abstract

The generalized quark-antiquark potential of N=4 supersymmetric Yang-Mills theory on S3×R calculates the potential between a pair of heavy charged particles separated by an arbitrary angle on S3 and also an angle in flavor space. It can be calculated by a Wilson loop following a prescribed path and couplings, or after a conformal transformation, by a cusped Wilson loop in flat space, hence also generalizing the usual concept of the cusp anomalous dimension. In AdS5×S5 this is calculated by an infinite open string. I present here an open spin-chain model which calculates the spectrum of excitations of such open strings. In the dual gauge theory these are cusped Wilson loops with extra operator insertions at the cusp. The boundaries of the spin-chain introduce a non-trivial reflection phase and break the bulk symmetry down to a single copy of psu(2|2) . The dependence on the two angles is captured by the two embeddings of this algebra into psu(2|2)2 , i.e., by a global rotation. The exact answer to this problem is conjectured to be given by solutions to a set of twisted boundary thermodynamic Bethe ansatz integral equations. In particular the generalized quark-antiquark potential or cusp anomalous dimension is recovered by calculating the ground state energy of the minimal length spin-chain, with no sites. It gets contributions only from virtual particles reflecting off the boundaries. I reproduce from this calculation some known weak coupling perturtbative results.
Original languageEnglish
Article number135
Number of pages39
JournalJournal of High Energy Physics
Volume2013
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2013

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