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Intelligence in offspring born to women exposed to intimate partner violence: a population-based cohort study

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Intelligence in offspring born to women exposed to intimate partner violence : a population-based cohort study. / Abel, Kathryn M; Heuvelman, Hein; Rai, Dheeraj; Timpson, Nicholas J; Sarginson, Jane; Shallcross, Rebekah; Mitchell, Heather; Hope, Holly; Emsley, Richard.

In: Wellcome Open Research, Vol. 4, 108, 2019, p. 107.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Harvard

Abel, KM, Heuvelman, H, Rai, D, Timpson, NJ, Sarginson, J, Shallcross, R, Mitchell, H, Hope, H & Emsley, R 2019, 'Intelligence in offspring born to women exposed to intimate partner violence: a population-based cohort study', Wellcome Open Research, vol. 4, 108, pp. 107. https://doi.org/10.12688/wellcomeopenres.15270.1

APA

Abel, K. M., Heuvelman, H., Rai, D., Timpson, N. J., Sarginson, J., Shallcross, R., ... Emsley, R. (2019). Intelligence in offspring born to women exposed to intimate partner violence: a population-based cohort study. Wellcome Open Research, 4, 107. [108]. https://doi.org/10.12688/wellcomeopenres.15270.1

Vancouver

Abel KM, Heuvelman H, Rai D, Timpson NJ, Sarginson J, Shallcross R et al. Intelligence in offspring born to women exposed to intimate partner violence: a population-based cohort study. Wellcome Open Research. 2019;4:107. 108. https://doi.org/10.12688/wellcomeopenres.15270.1

Author

Abel, Kathryn M ; Heuvelman, Hein ; Rai, Dheeraj ; Timpson, Nicholas J ; Sarginson, Jane ; Shallcross, Rebekah ; Mitchell, Heather ; Hope, Holly ; Emsley, Richard. / Intelligence in offspring born to women exposed to intimate partner violence : a population-based cohort study. In: Wellcome Open Research. 2019 ; Vol. 4. pp. 107.

Bibtex Download

@article{e478c59e158a46c89913a536b93d29fc,
title = "Intelligence in offspring born to women exposed to intimate partner violence: a population-based cohort study",
abstract = "Background: Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a risk factor for developmental problems in offspring. Despite a high prevalence of IPV in the UK and elsewhere, the longer-term outcomes of offspring born to exposed mothers remain under-researched. Methods: Population-based cohort study. We assessed IPV prevalence by type and timing for 3,153 mother-child pairs with complete data within our study population and examined associations between IPV and offspring IQ. We used multiple-imputation to evaluate bias due to our exclusion of observations with missing covariate data. Results: Nearly one in five mothers reported IPV during the study period, with 17.6{\%} reporting emotional violence and 6.8{\%} reporting physical violence. Taking into account potential confounders, the IQ scores of children born to mothers exposed to physical violence remained lower than those of maternally unexposed children (full-scale IQ = -2.8 points [95{\%}CI -4.9 to -0.7], verbal IQ = -2.2 [95{\%}CI -4.4 to -0.1], performance IQ = -2.7 [95{\%}CI -5.0 to -0.5]) and odds of below-average intelligence (IQ<90) remained increased for full-scale (OR 1.48 [95{\%}CI 1.03 to 2.14] and performance IQ (OR 1.48 [95{\%}CI 1.08 to 2.04]) but not verbal IQ (OR 1.06 [95{\%}CI 0.69 to 1.64]). Most physical violence occurred postnatally, and relative odds were most substantial when mothers were exposed to violence across pre-/perinatal and postnatal study periods (OR performance IQ<90 = 2.97 [95{\%}CI 1.30 to 6.82]). Conclusions: Maternal exposure to physical IPV is associated with lower offspring IQ at age 8. Associations persisted after adjusting for potential confounders and were driven by violence occurring postnatally.",
keywords = "ALSPAC, Intimate partner violence, Offspring IQ, Population-based cohort",
author = "Abel, {Kathryn M} and Hein Heuvelman and Dheeraj Rai and Timpson, {Nicholas J} and Jane Sarginson and Rebekah Shallcross and Heather Mitchell and Holly Hope and Richard Emsley",
note = "Copyright: {\circledC} 2019 Abel KM et al.",
year = "2019",
doi = "10.12688/wellcomeopenres.15270.1",
language = "English",
volume = "4",
pages = "107",
journal = "Wellcome Open Research",
issn = "2398-502X",
publisher = "F1000 Research Ltd.",

}

RIS (suitable for import to EndNote) Download

TY - JOUR

T1 - Intelligence in offspring born to women exposed to intimate partner violence

T2 - a population-based cohort study

AU - Abel, Kathryn M

AU - Heuvelman, Hein

AU - Rai, Dheeraj

AU - Timpson, Nicholas J

AU - Sarginson, Jane

AU - Shallcross, Rebekah

AU - Mitchell, Heather

AU - Hope, Holly

AU - Emsley, Richard

N1 - Copyright: © 2019 Abel KM et al.

PY - 2019

Y1 - 2019

N2 - Background: Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a risk factor for developmental problems in offspring. Despite a high prevalence of IPV in the UK and elsewhere, the longer-term outcomes of offspring born to exposed mothers remain under-researched. Methods: Population-based cohort study. We assessed IPV prevalence by type and timing for 3,153 mother-child pairs with complete data within our study population and examined associations between IPV and offspring IQ. We used multiple-imputation to evaluate bias due to our exclusion of observations with missing covariate data. Results: Nearly one in five mothers reported IPV during the study period, with 17.6% reporting emotional violence and 6.8% reporting physical violence. Taking into account potential confounders, the IQ scores of children born to mothers exposed to physical violence remained lower than those of maternally unexposed children (full-scale IQ = -2.8 points [95%CI -4.9 to -0.7], verbal IQ = -2.2 [95%CI -4.4 to -0.1], performance IQ = -2.7 [95%CI -5.0 to -0.5]) and odds of below-average intelligence (IQ<90) remained increased for full-scale (OR 1.48 [95%CI 1.03 to 2.14] and performance IQ (OR 1.48 [95%CI 1.08 to 2.04]) but not verbal IQ (OR 1.06 [95%CI 0.69 to 1.64]). Most physical violence occurred postnatally, and relative odds were most substantial when mothers were exposed to violence across pre-/perinatal and postnatal study periods (OR performance IQ<90 = 2.97 [95%CI 1.30 to 6.82]). Conclusions: Maternal exposure to physical IPV is associated with lower offspring IQ at age 8. Associations persisted after adjusting for potential confounders and were driven by violence occurring postnatally.

AB - Background: Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a risk factor for developmental problems in offspring. Despite a high prevalence of IPV in the UK and elsewhere, the longer-term outcomes of offspring born to exposed mothers remain under-researched. Methods: Population-based cohort study. We assessed IPV prevalence by type and timing for 3,153 mother-child pairs with complete data within our study population and examined associations between IPV and offspring IQ. We used multiple-imputation to evaluate bias due to our exclusion of observations with missing covariate data. Results: Nearly one in five mothers reported IPV during the study period, with 17.6% reporting emotional violence and 6.8% reporting physical violence. Taking into account potential confounders, the IQ scores of children born to mothers exposed to physical violence remained lower than those of maternally unexposed children (full-scale IQ = -2.8 points [95%CI -4.9 to -0.7], verbal IQ = -2.2 [95%CI -4.4 to -0.1], performance IQ = -2.7 [95%CI -5.0 to -0.5]) and odds of below-average intelligence (IQ<90) remained increased for full-scale (OR 1.48 [95%CI 1.03 to 2.14] and performance IQ (OR 1.48 [95%CI 1.08 to 2.04]) but not verbal IQ (OR 1.06 [95%CI 0.69 to 1.64]). Most physical violence occurred postnatally, and relative odds were most substantial when mothers were exposed to violence across pre-/perinatal and postnatal study periods (OR performance IQ<90 = 2.97 [95%CI 1.30 to 6.82]). Conclusions: Maternal exposure to physical IPV is associated with lower offspring IQ at age 8. Associations persisted after adjusting for potential confounders and were driven by violence occurring postnatally.

KW - ALSPAC

KW - Intimate partner violence

KW - Offspring IQ

KW - Population-based cohort

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85075367546&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.12688/wellcomeopenres.15270.1

DO - 10.12688/wellcomeopenres.15270.1

M3 - Article

C2 - 31681855

VL - 4

SP - 107

JO - Wellcome Open Research

JF - Wellcome Open Research

SN - 2398-502X

M1 - 108

ER -

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