International Multicenter Registry for Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy: Results through June 2021

Nicole P. Harlan, Judy A. Ptak, Judy R. Rees, Devin R. Cowan, Abigail M. Fellows, Rachel A. Moses, Judith A. Kertis, Pamela M. Hannigan, Saeed A. Juggan, Janet Peacock, Michael Bennett, Jay C. Buckey

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


Introduction: The International Multicenter Registry for Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy (International Report Registered Identifier DERR1-10.2196/18857) was established in 2011 to capture outcomes and complications data for both Undersea and Hyperbaric Medical Society (UHMS) approved and selected unapproved hyperbaric oxygen (HBO2) therapy indications. Methods: A Research Electronic Data Capture (REDCap) template was designed and distributed to all participating centers for prospective data collection. Centers contributed de-identified demographic, treatment, complications, and outcome data. This report provides summary data on sites and enrollment, as well as pre- and post-treatment data on quality of life (EQ-5D-5L questionnaire), head and neck radiationoutcomes, non-healing wounds (Strauss score), and idiopathic sudden sensorineural hearing loss. Data were analyzed mainly using the Wilcoxon signed-rank test. Results: Twenty-two centers contributed data for 2,880 patients. The most common UHMS-approved indication was delayed radiation injury, followed by enhancement of wound healing, and carbon monoxide poisoning. One hundred and twenty-five patients were treated for non-UHMS approved indications. Quality of life, head and neck radiation symptoms, Strauss wound scores, and hearing were significantly improved after HBO2. Complication rates were low and comparable to previous reports. The registry also offered the ability to analyze factors that affect outcomes, such as smoking and severity of hearing loss. Discussion: The registry accrues prospective data on defined outcomes from multiple centers and allows for analysis of factors affecting outcomes. This registry does not have a control group, which is a limitation. Nevertheless, the registry provides a unique, comprehensive dataset on HBO2 outcomes from multiple centers internationally.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)275-287
Number of pages13
JournalUndersea & hyperbaric medicine : journal of the Undersea and Hyperbaric Medical Society, Inc
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2022


  • hyperbaric medicine
  • hyperbaric oxygen therapy
  • pulmonary function


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