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Interplay between oxidative damage, the redox status, and metabolic biomarkers during long-term fasting

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Interplay between oxidative damage, the redox status, and metabolic biomarkers during long-term fasting. / Grundler, Franziska; Mesnage, Robin; Goutzourelas, Nikolaos; Tekos, Fotios; Makri, Sotiria; Brack, Michel; Kouretas, Demetrios; Wilhelmi de Toledo, Françoise.

In: Food and Chemical Toxicology, Vol. 145, 111701, 11.2020.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Harvard

Grundler, F, Mesnage, R, Goutzourelas, N, Tekos, F, Makri, S, Brack, M, Kouretas, D & Wilhelmi de Toledo, F 2020, 'Interplay between oxidative damage, the redox status, and metabolic biomarkers during long-term fasting', Food and Chemical Toxicology, vol. 145, 111701. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fct.2020.111701

APA

Grundler, F., Mesnage, R., Goutzourelas, N., Tekos, F., Makri, S., Brack, M., Kouretas, D., & Wilhelmi de Toledo, F. (2020). Interplay between oxidative damage, the redox status, and metabolic biomarkers during long-term fasting. Food and Chemical Toxicology, 145, [111701]. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fct.2020.111701

Vancouver

Grundler F, Mesnage R, Goutzourelas N, Tekos F, Makri S, Brack M et al. Interplay between oxidative damage, the redox status, and metabolic biomarkers during long-term fasting. Food and Chemical Toxicology. 2020 Nov;145. 111701. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fct.2020.111701

Author

Grundler, Franziska ; Mesnage, Robin ; Goutzourelas, Nikolaos ; Tekos, Fotios ; Makri, Sotiria ; Brack, Michel ; Kouretas, Demetrios ; Wilhelmi de Toledo, Françoise. / Interplay between oxidative damage, the redox status, and metabolic biomarkers during long-term fasting. In: Food and Chemical Toxicology. 2020 ; Vol. 145.

Bibtex Download

@article{53cb899369604fac96e7f008ea077aad,
title = "Interplay between oxidative damage, the redox status, and metabolic biomarkers during long-term fasting",
abstract = "Obesity and its related metabolic disorders, as well as infectious diseases like covid-19, are important health risks nowadays. It was recently documented that long-term fasting improves metabolic health and enhanced the total antioxidant capacity. The present study investigated the influence of a 10-day fasting on markers of the redox status in 109 subjects. Reducing power, 2,2{\textquoteright}-Azino-bis(3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulfonic acid) diammonium salt radical cation(ABTS) radical scavenging capacity, and hydroxyl radical scavenging capacity increased significantly, and indicated an increase of circulating antioxidant levels. No differences were detected in superoxide scavenging capacity, protein carbonyls, and superoxide dismutase when measured at baseline and after 10 days of fasting. These findings were concomitant to a decrease in blood glucose, insulin, glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c), total cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein (LDL) and triglycerides as well as an increase in total cholesterol/high-density lipoprotein (HDL) ratio. In addition, the well-being index as well as the subjective energy levels increased, documenting a good tolerability. There was an interplay between redox and metabolic parameters since lipid peroxidation baseline levels (thiobarbituric acid reactive substances [TBARS]) affected the ability of long-term fasting to normalize lipid levels. A machine learning model showed that a combination of antioxidant parameters measured at baseline predicted the efficiency of the fasting regimen to decrease LDL levels. In conclusion, it was demonstrated that long-term fasting enhanced the endogenous production of antioxidant molecules, that act protectively against free radicals, and in parallel improved the metabolic health status. Our results suggest that the outcome of long-term fasting strategies could be depending on the baseline values of the antioxidative and metabolic status of subjects.",
keywords = "Antioxidant capacity, Dysmetabolism, Oxidative stress, Weight loss",
author = "Franziska Grundler and Robin Mesnage and Nikolaos Goutzourelas and Fotios Tekos and Sotiria Makri and Michel Brack and Demetrios Kouretas and {Wilhelmi de Toledo}, Fran{\c c}oise",
year = "2020",
month = nov,
doi = "10.1016/j.fct.2020.111701",
language = "English",
volume = "145",
journal = "Food and chemical toxicology : an international journal published for the British Industrial Biological Research Association",
issn = "0278-6915",

}

RIS (suitable for import to EndNote) Download

TY - JOUR

T1 - Interplay between oxidative damage, the redox status, and metabolic biomarkers during long-term fasting

AU - Grundler, Franziska

AU - Mesnage, Robin

AU - Goutzourelas, Nikolaos

AU - Tekos, Fotios

AU - Makri, Sotiria

AU - Brack, Michel

AU - Kouretas, Demetrios

AU - Wilhelmi de Toledo, Françoise

PY - 2020/11

Y1 - 2020/11

N2 - Obesity and its related metabolic disorders, as well as infectious diseases like covid-19, are important health risks nowadays. It was recently documented that long-term fasting improves metabolic health and enhanced the total antioxidant capacity. The present study investigated the influence of a 10-day fasting on markers of the redox status in 109 subjects. Reducing power, 2,2’-Azino-bis(3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulfonic acid) diammonium salt radical cation(ABTS) radical scavenging capacity, and hydroxyl radical scavenging capacity increased significantly, and indicated an increase of circulating antioxidant levels. No differences were detected in superoxide scavenging capacity, protein carbonyls, and superoxide dismutase when measured at baseline and after 10 days of fasting. These findings were concomitant to a decrease in blood glucose, insulin, glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c), total cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein (LDL) and triglycerides as well as an increase in total cholesterol/high-density lipoprotein (HDL) ratio. In addition, the well-being index as well as the subjective energy levels increased, documenting a good tolerability. There was an interplay between redox and metabolic parameters since lipid peroxidation baseline levels (thiobarbituric acid reactive substances [TBARS]) affected the ability of long-term fasting to normalize lipid levels. A machine learning model showed that a combination of antioxidant parameters measured at baseline predicted the efficiency of the fasting regimen to decrease LDL levels. In conclusion, it was demonstrated that long-term fasting enhanced the endogenous production of antioxidant molecules, that act protectively against free radicals, and in parallel improved the metabolic health status. Our results suggest that the outcome of long-term fasting strategies could be depending on the baseline values of the antioxidative and metabolic status of subjects.

AB - Obesity and its related metabolic disorders, as well as infectious diseases like covid-19, are important health risks nowadays. It was recently documented that long-term fasting improves metabolic health and enhanced the total antioxidant capacity. The present study investigated the influence of a 10-day fasting on markers of the redox status in 109 subjects. Reducing power, 2,2’-Azino-bis(3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulfonic acid) diammonium salt radical cation(ABTS) radical scavenging capacity, and hydroxyl radical scavenging capacity increased significantly, and indicated an increase of circulating antioxidant levels. No differences were detected in superoxide scavenging capacity, protein carbonyls, and superoxide dismutase when measured at baseline and after 10 days of fasting. These findings were concomitant to a decrease in blood glucose, insulin, glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c), total cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein (LDL) and triglycerides as well as an increase in total cholesterol/high-density lipoprotein (HDL) ratio. In addition, the well-being index as well as the subjective energy levels increased, documenting a good tolerability. There was an interplay between redox and metabolic parameters since lipid peroxidation baseline levels (thiobarbituric acid reactive substances [TBARS]) affected the ability of long-term fasting to normalize lipid levels. A machine learning model showed that a combination of antioxidant parameters measured at baseline predicted the efficiency of the fasting regimen to decrease LDL levels. In conclusion, it was demonstrated that long-term fasting enhanced the endogenous production of antioxidant molecules, that act protectively against free radicals, and in parallel improved the metabolic health status. Our results suggest that the outcome of long-term fasting strategies could be depending on the baseline values of the antioxidative and metabolic status of subjects.

KW - Antioxidant capacity

KW - Dysmetabolism

KW - Oxidative stress

KW - Weight loss

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85090152787&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.fct.2020.111701

DO - 10.1016/j.fct.2020.111701

M3 - Article

C2 - 32858131

AN - SCOPUS:85090152787

VL - 145

JO - Food and chemical toxicology : an international journal published for the British Industrial Biological Research Association

JF - Food and chemical toxicology : an international journal published for the British Industrial Biological Research Association

SN - 0278-6915

M1 - 111701

ER -

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