Abstract

OBJECTIVES: Does intraoperative optimization of both depth of anesthesia and regional cerebral tissue oxygenation (rScO2) in elderly patients reduce postoperative cognitive decline (primary outcome) or delirium (secondary outcome)?

DESIGN: Prospective randomized controlled single blind trial.

SETTING: A single major urban teaching and university hospital and tertiary referral center.

PARTICIPANTS: Patients, 65 years of age and older, undergoing elective coronary artery bypass graft surgery on cardiopulmonary bypass.

INTERVENTIONS: Intraoperative depth of anesthesia bispectral index (BIS) values were targeted at 50 ± 10. Regional cerebral tissue desaturations of more than 15% of the pre-induction value, or below 50%, were avoided.

MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: Eighty-two patients were included, and mean depth of anesthesia values using BIS were significantly higher during surgery in the intervention group with 40.6 (7.3) versus 35.4 (6.7) in the control group, mean (standard deviation), p = 0.004. The cognitive function was similar between the treatment and control groups at 6 weeks postoperatively with a Mini Mental State Examination (MMSE) of 27 (26,29) in the intervention group and an MMSE of 29 (27,29) in the control group, median (interquartile range), with p = 0.12. The authors observed a reduction in the incidence of delirium, occurring in 2.4% (n = 1) of patients in the intervention group and in 20% (n = 8) in the control group (p = 0.01).

CONCLUSIONS: This pilot trial demonstrates that noninvasive target-controlled depth of anesthesia monitoring is feasible. Cognitive function at 6 weeks showed no difference between the treatment and control groups; however, postoperative delirium was reduced in the intervention group.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1172-1181
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
Volume34
Issue number5
Early online date9 Nov 2019
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2020

Keywords

  • cardiac anesthesia
  • cerebral oximetry
  • cognitive function
  • delirium
  • depth of anesthesia monitoring

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