Introducing a multicomponent staff training intervention to reduce antipsychotic medication: Care home management pre and post intervention views of systemic impact, and preliminary RE-AIM evaluation

Azucena Guzman*, Katharine Orellana, Mariana López-Ortega, Luis Miguel Gutierrez-Robledo, Sara Torres Castro

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Objectives: We explored views of care home managers when introducing PROCUIDA-Demencia a mixed-methods two-arm cluster randomised controlled pilot and clinical outcomes study aiming to optimise dementia care by introducing psychosocial interventions to reduce antipsychotic medication in care homes.
Method: We undertook secondary analysis of pre and post in-depth interviews conducted in summer 2018 with not-for-profit care home managers in Mexico who were allocated to the intervention group. Transcribed data were thematically analysed. Themes were mapped out with RE-AIM quality appraisal framework (Reach, Effectiveness, Adoption, Implementation and Maintenance) as preliminary evaluation to identify practice and future intervention development and evaluation.
Results: Two pre- and three post-intervention themes were constructed. Participants reported measurable positive impact; one home built a new specialist dementia care unit and others hired a psychologist and psychiatrist to sustain the changes. Antipsychotic medication was reduced for some participating residents which also minimised cost burden on family members.
Conclusion: Funding, systemic working across families, clinical and social teams and effective systems of governance are urgently required to sustain models like PROCUIDA-Demencia. The RE-AIM preliminary evaluation outlined care home managers’ long-term sustainable practice and positive impact on the dementia care system. These findings might inform staff retention strategies and care home systemic care practices. This evaluation is contributing to the Mexican Alzheimer’s and other dementias plan.
Original languageEnglish
Article number102399
Issue number102399
Early online date8 Jan 2024
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2024


  • Dementia
  • Care homes
  • Nursing homes
  • Staff training
  • Stress and distress
  • Managers
  • Systemic working
  • Antipsychotics
  • Costs
  • Psychosocial interventions
  • Qualitative

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