Assessment of cognitive impairment in people with schizophrenia (PWS) is limited in low and middle-income countries due to lack of context-appropriate measures. This study aimed to select, adapt, and evaluate an interview-based cognitive tool for PWS in Ethiopia. The study was carried out in three phases. In the first phase, we followed a rigorous instrument selection procedure to select a tool for adaptation. We then applied a rigorous instrument adaption procedure, including interviews with 24 participants. Finally, we evaluated the psychometric properties of the adapted tool with 208 PWS and 208 matched controls. The Cognitive Assessment Interview was selected as the appropriate tool for adaptation. This tool is practical and tolerable, with short time of administration. We reported high inter-rater reliability and test-retest reliability for the adapted scale. One-factor structure better represented the data with excellent internal consistency. Weak but significant correlation with a performance-based battery was reported. At a cut-off value of > 13, the tool significantly differentiated PWS from controls (62 % sensitivity and 82 % specificity). Item Response Theory-based analysis showed that the tool gives much information among severely impaired participants. The findings show that the tool is reliable, valid, and practical in resource-scarce settings.

Original languageEnglish
Article number115474
Pages (from-to)115474
JournalPsychiatry Research
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2023


  • Humans
  • Schizophrenia/complications
  • Reproducibility of Results
  • Ethiopia
  • Cognitive Dysfunction
  • Psychometrics
  • Cognition


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