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Investigation of the STR locus HUMTH01 using PCR and two electrophoresis formats: UK and Galician Caucasian population surveys and usefulness in paternity investigations

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

M V Lareu, C P Phillips, A Carracedo, P J Lincoln, D Syndercombe Court, J. A. Thomson

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)41-52
Number of pages12
JournalForensic Science International
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1994

King's Authors


Two hundred unrelated Caucasians from the UK and 210 from Galicia (NW Spain) have been genotyped for the HUMTH01 locus using polymerase chain reaction (PCR) amplification followed by high sieving agarose electrophoresis (UK samples) and polyacrylamide electrophoresis (Galician samples). Allele and genotype frequencies obtained from both populations were in close agreement to those seen by other workers and chi 2 tests of the two populations showed that both were in Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium. The potential usefulness of HUMTH01 in paternity investigations was analysed by constructing, within each population, false family trios, each with a non-father, in order to estimate the actual exclusion rate. The observed rate of exclusion was in close agreement with the expected rate for both populations. Examination of the mother-child pairs in the false families showed a common allele in every case and no evidence of mutation or non-Mendelian inheritance was observed. The HUMTH01 locus shows an informative polymorphism and the production and analysis of population databases is easily achieved. The use of PCR followed by electrophoresis in either gel format appears to provide a quick and straightforward method for investigating the HUMTH01 locus.

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