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Involvement of the nicotinamide adenosine dinucleotide phosphate oxidase isoform Nox2 in cardiac contractile dysfunction occurring in response to pressure overload

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

D J Grieve, J A Byrne, A Siva, J Layland, S Johar, A C Cave, A M Shah

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)817 - 826
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of the American College of Cardiology
Volume47
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 21 Feb 2006

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  • King's College London

Abstract

OBJECTIVES This study sought to examine the role of Nox2 in the contractile dysfunction associated with pressure-overload left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH). BACKGROUND Reactive oxygen species (ROS) production is implicated in the pathophysiology of LVH. The nicotinamide adenosine dinucleotide phosphate oxidase isoform, Nox2, is pivotally involved in angiotensin II-induced hypertrophy but is not essential for development of pressure-overload LVH Its possible impact on contractile function is unknown. METHODS The effects of aortic banding or sham surgery on cardiac contractile function and interstitial fibrosis were compared in adult Nox2(-/-) and matched wild-type (WT) mice. RESULTS Banding induced similar increases in left ventricular (LV) mass in both groups. Banded Nox2(-/-) mice had better LV function than WT by echocardiography (e.g., fractional shortening 33.6 +/- 2.5% vs. 21.4 +/- 2.2%, p <0.05). Comprehensive LV pressure-volume analyses also showed sigificant contractile dysfunction in banded WT compared with sham, whereas banded Nox2(-/-) mice had preserved function (e.g., maximum rate of rise of LV pressure: banded WT, 4,879 +/- 21.3; vs. banded Nox2(-/-), 5,913 +/- 259 mm Hg/s; p <0.05). Similar preservation of function was observed in isolated cardiomyocytes. The 24-h to 36-h treatment of banded WT mice with N-acetylcysteine resulted in recovery of contractile function. Cardiac interstitial fibrosis was significantly increased in banded WT but not Nox2-/- mice, together with greater increases in procollagen I and III mRNA expression. CONCLUSIONS The Nox2 oxidase contributes to the development of cardiac contractile dysfunction and interstitial fibrosis during pressure overload, although it is not essential for development of morphologic hypertrophy per se. These data suggest divergent downstream effects of Nox2 on different components of the overall response to pressure overload

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