Is quality of life related to high autistic traits, high ADHD traits and their Interaction? Evidence from a Young-Adult Community-Based twin sample

Simone J. Capp*, Jessica Agnew-Blais, Alex Lau-Zhu, Emma Colvert, Charlotte Tye, Ümit Aydin, Alexandra Lautarescu, Claire Ellis, Tyler Saunders, Lucy O’Brien, Angelica Ronald, Francesca Happé, Gráinne McLoughlin

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study explored whether high autistic traits, high attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) traits and their interaction were associated with quality of life (QoL) in a sample of 556 of young-adult twins (Mean age 22 years 5 months, 52% Female). Four participant groups were created: high autistic traits, high ADHD traits, high autistic/ADHD traits, and low ADHD/autistic traits. High autistic traits were associated with lower QoL across domains (physical, psychological, social, and environmental). High ADHD traits associated with lower physical, psychological, and environmental QoL. The interaction of autistic and ADHD traits was not significant in any domain. While mental health difficulties were associated with lower QoL, after accounting for mental health, most relationships between autistic traits, ADHD traits and QoL remained.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2022

Keywords

  • ADHD (attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder)
  • Adults
  • Autism
  • Mental Health
  • Quality of life

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