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Isothermal Titration Calorimetry Enables Rapid Characterization of Enzyme Kinetics and Inhibition for the Human Soluble Epoxide Hydrolase

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)14865-14872
Number of pages8
JournalAnalytical Chemistry
Volume91
Issue number23
Early online date29 Oct 2019
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 3 Dec 2019

King's Authors

Abstract

Isothermal titration calorimetry (ITC) is conventionally used to acquire thermodynamic data for biological interactions. In recent years, ITC has emerged as a powerful tool to characterize enzyme kinetics. In this study, we have adapted a single-injection method (SIM) to study the kinetics of human soluble epoxide hydrolase (hsEH), an enzyme involved in cardiovascular homeostasis, hypertension, nociception, and insulin sensitivity through the metabolism of epoxy-fatty acids (EpFAs). In the SIM method, the rate of reaction is determined by monitoring the thermal power, while the substrate is being depleted, overcoming the need for synthetic substrates and reducing postreaction processing. Our results show that ITC enables the detailed, rapid, and reproducible characterization of the hsEH-mediated hydrolysis of several natural EpFA substrates. Furthermore, we have applied a variant of the single-injection ITC method for the detailed description of enzyme inhibition, proving the power of this approach in the rapid screening and discovery of new hsEH inhibitors using the enzyme's physiological substrates. The methods described herein will enable further studies on EpFAs' metabolism and biology, as well as drug discovery investigations to identify and characterize hsEH inhibitors. This also promises to provide a general approach for the characterization of lipid catalysis, given the challenges that lipid metabolism studies pose to traditional spectroscopic techniques.

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