It’s About Time: Understanding Job Crafting Through the Lens of Individuals’ Temporal Characteristics

Hannah Weisman*, Uta K. Bindl, Cristina B. Gibson, Kerrie L. Unsworth

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Citations (Scopus)


Job crafting refers to the myriad ways employees customize their jobs, such as by altering their tasks and social interaction at work. Numerous scholars over the past 20 years have remarked on the overall need to better understand the role of time in job crafting. However, the literature has not considered how employees think about time, or, relatedly, how they use and manage it—and why this might matter for job crafting. To address these unresolved issues, the current paper develops a conceptual model of individual-level, time-related characteristics that shape employees’ engagement in job crafting and the effects of job crafting efforts on their well-being. We first review the prevailing understanding of time in job crafting research: merely operating as a medium for change, in the background. We then introduce our new conceptualization of time as central to job crafting—as temporal characteristics of the job crafter—and develop a conceptual model in which time-related constructs play a key role in influencing job crafting and its effects. Our model proposes that employees’ career stage, as well as their polychronicity preference and temporal focus, predicts engagement in job crafting, whereas employees’ time management and time urgency act as key moderators that shape the implications of job crafting for employees’ well-being. By theorizing on time in job crafting, our model thus contributes to understanding relevant antecedents and outcomes of job crafting. We conclude our paper by offering an agenda for future research to further incorporate the role of time in job crafting.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)148-186
Number of pages39
JournalGroup and Organization Management
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2022


  • career stage
  • job crafting
  • polychronicity
  • temporal focus
  • time management
  • time urgency


Dive into the research topics of 'It’s About Time: Understanding Job Crafting Through the Lens of Individuals’ Temporal Characteristics'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this