Joint Beamforming, User Association, and Height Control for Cellular-Enabled UAV Communications

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Supporting reliable and seamless connectivity for aerial users, such as Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs), is one of the key challenges for the next-generation cellular networks. To tackle this challenge, we propose a joint beamforming, user association, and UAV-height control framework for cellular-connected multi-UAV communications. Our objective is to maximize the minimum achievable rate for UAVs subject to co-existing terrestrial users' rate constraints. A hierarchical bi-layer iterative algorithm is devised to solve the problem. By using the projection gradient method in inner layer iterations and the geometric program modeling plus the convex-concave procedure in outer layer iterations, our proposed algorithm is proved to converge to a local optimum. We also examine our proposed algorithm under the practical condition where channel estimation is not perfect. Numerical results show that our proposed joint beamforming, user association, and UAV-height control framework outperforms the conventional nearest UAV association method in terms of UAVs' minimum achievable rate for both perfect and imperfect channel estimation cases. We also observe different UAVs' heights (i.e., between 100m and 300m) do not affect the UAVs' achievable rates. For the case with moving UAV, we also study the trade-off between UAVs' minimum achievable rate and the frequency of updating optimization variables.

Original languageEnglish
Article number9369339
Pages (from-to)3598-3613
Number of pages16
JournalIEEE TRANSACTIONS ON COMMUNICATIONS
Volume69
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2021

Keywords

  • cellular networks
  • height control
  • MIMO beamforming
  • spectrum efficiency
  • UAV association

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Joint Beamforming, User Association, and Height Control for Cellular-Enabled UAV Communications'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this