King's College London

Research portal

Keeping control of regulation? Domestic constraints on the creation of independent authorities in emerging and developing economies

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-20
Number of pages20
Issue number0
Early online date15 Jul 2020
Accepted/In press15 Jun 2020
E-pub ahead of print15 Jul 2020


King's Authors


Regulatory independence has become an international norm over the past decades. Yet, governments in some emerging and developing economies have eschewed the model. We argue that this outcome is shaped by the domestic institutional context; in particular, authoritarianism and traditions of state control over the economy. Analysing new data on the adoption and operation of independent competition authorities between 1990 and 2017, we find that authoritarianism and, to some extent, state-led economic traditions negatively affect formal adoption. By contrast, these institutional constraints do not have much impact on the start of the operations, which seems to be driven primarily by capacity and economic need. Our findings shed light on domestic institutional constraints on the spread of international norms and the limits of ‘regulatory transplants’ in the Global South.

Download statistics

No data available

View graph of relations

© 2020 King's College London | Strand | London WC2R 2LS | England | United Kingdom | Tel +44 (0)20 7836 5454