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Keeping control of regulation? Domestic constraints on the creation of independent authorities in emerging and developing economies

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Original languageEnglish
JournalGovernance
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 15 Jun 2020

King's Authors

Abstract

Regulatory independence has become an international norm over the past decades. Yet, governments in some emerging and developing economies have eschewed the model. We argue that this outcome is shaped by the domestic institutional context; in particular, authoritarianism and traditions of state control over the economy. Analysing new data on the adoption and operation of independent competition authorities between 1990 and 2017, we find that authoritarianism and, to some extent, state-led economic traditions negatively affect formal adoption. By contrast, these institutional constraints do not have much impact on the start of the operations, which seems to be driven primarily by capacity and economic need. Our findings shed light on domestic institutional constraints on the spread of international norms and the limits of ‘regulatory transplants’ in the Global South.

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