BACKGROUND: Ketamine is a novel and exciting putative antidepressant medication for patients with treatment-resistant depression. A complication commonly seen in frequent and heavy recreational use of ketamine is ulcerative cystitis, which presents with lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) and upper renal tract damage and can be seen in over 25% of regular users. Although Ketamine-induced cystitis (KIC) is a recognised complication in recreational use of ketamine, its occurrence in therapeutic use of ketamine in depression has so far not been reported. The exact pathogenesis of KIC is currently unknown, making treatment and prevention advice much more difficult. Early diagnosis of KIC and immediate cessation of ketamine has been shown to improve adverse urinary tract symptoms and prevent further damage.

CASE PRESENTATION: We present a case of a 28-year-old female who was started on ketamine treatment for depression, and who then developed symptoms of KIC, which was confirmed by urine microscopy, culture and analysis.

CONCLUSIONS: To our knowledge, this is the first reported case of KIC in a patient receiving treatment-dose ketamine as part of their antidepressant therapy.

Original languageEnglish
Article number9
Pages (from-to)9
JournalBMC Psychiatry
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2 Jan 2024


  • Female
  • Humans
  • Adult
  • Ketamine/adverse effects
  • Depression/drug therapy
  • Microscopy
  • Substance-Related Disorders/complications
  • Urinalysis
  • Cystitis/chemically induced


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