BACKGROUND: Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) increases the risk for colorectal cancer (CRC). Limited literature exists on patients' knowledge of CRC risk and management. Attitude toward doctor-recommended management and the role of healthcare providers (HCPs) in CRC risk awareness remain unexplored. This study aimed to fill the gap in knowledge about CRC risk awareness and management in IBD patients in the UK.
METHODS: This cross-sectional internet-based study was conducted in April-July 2019. Adult (>18 years) IBD patients with a confirmed diagnosis for 2 years and adequate command of English language were invited from non-Natinal Health Services sources. A self-designed and piloted questionnaire with open- and closed-ended questions was used. Closed-ended data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and open-ended responses were analyzed using content analysis.
RESULTS: Ninety-two participants (52.5% Crohn's disease and 67.5% females) responded. Around 88% knew that IBD increased CRC risk. Only 20.7% were aware of colonoscopy as the best screening tool; 88% were unaware of screening initiation time. Almost 90% would agree to a doctor's recommendation of colonoscopy. For dysplasia with 10% risk of CRC, 46.7% would not agree with colectomy. Some 48% reported to have never had a discussion about the risk of CRC in IBD with their HCPs, while 58% were not informed of the role of screening and surveillance in managing CRC risk.
CONCLUSIONS: IBD patients were poorly aware of CRC risk management and had mixed willingness to comply with a doctor's recommendation. HCP's role in cancer knowledge dissemination was suboptimal and patients desired more information.
- inflammatory bowel disease, colorectal cancer, cancer awareness