Landmine Clearance and Peacebuilding: Evidence from Somaliland

Eka Ikpe, Sarah Njeri

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The mine action sector has struggled to demonstrate the socioeconomic benefits of mine clearance. Previous academic studies have made important contributions but have been limited in offering in-depth discussions of causal pathways. This paper seeks to fill that gap. It proposes a new framework, the Mine Clearance and Peacebuilding Synergies (MPS) framework that combines the Humanitarian Mine Action Peacebuilding Palette, the Mine Action- Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) framework and theoretical considerations from the Infrastructure as Peacebuilding framework to interrogate this interaction. Using Somaliland's post-conflict reconstruction as a case study, we analyze qualitative and quantitative data to map both the direct and indirect benefits of mine clearance in relation to infrastructure development. We find that mine clearance can influence both economic and physical reconstruction through its impact on dominant economic sectors as well as critical strategic infrastructure, including ports and roads, and demonstrate the synergies therein with an array of SDGs.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)91-107
Number of pages17
JournalJournal of Peacebuilding & Development
Issue number1
Early online date31 Dec 2021
Publication statusPublished - 30 Apr 2022


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