TY - JOUR

T1 - Large D limit of Einstein's equations

AU - Emparan, Roberto

AU - Herzog, Christopher P.

PY - 2020/11/18

Y1 - 2020/11/18

N2 - Recent progress in taking the large dimension limit of Einstein's equations is reviewed. Most of the analysis is classical and concerns situations where there is a black hole horizon, although various extensions that include quantum gravitational effects are discussed. The review consists of two main parts: the first is a discussion of general aspects of black holes and effective membrane theories in this large dimension limit, and the second is a series of applications of this limit to interesting physical problems. The first part includes a discussion of quasinormal modes that leads naturally into a description of effective hydrodynamiclike equations that describe the near-horizon geometry. There are two main approaches to these effective theories, a fully covariant approach and a partially gauge-fixed one, which are discussed in relation to each other. In the second part the applications are divided up into three main categories: the Gregory-Laflamme instability, black hole collisions and mergers, and the anti-de Sitter/conformal field theory correspondence (AdS/CFT). AdS/CFT posits an equivalence between a gravitational theory and a strongly interacting field theory, allowing the spectrum of applications to be extended to problems in hydrodynamics, condensed matter physics, and nuclear physics. The final, shorter part of the review describes further promising directions where there have been, as yet, few published research articles.

AB - Recent progress in taking the large dimension limit of Einstein's equations is reviewed. Most of the analysis is classical and concerns situations where there is a black hole horizon, although various extensions that include quantum gravitational effects are discussed. The review consists of two main parts: the first is a discussion of general aspects of black holes and effective membrane theories in this large dimension limit, and the second is a series of applications of this limit to interesting physical problems. The first part includes a discussion of quasinormal modes that leads naturally into a description of effective hydrodynamiclike equations that describe the near-horizon geometry. There are two main approaches to these effective theories, a fully covariant approach and a partially gauge-fixed one, which are discussed in relation to each other. In the second part the applications are divided up into three main categories: the Gregory-Laflamme instability, black hole collisions and mergers, and the anti-de Sitter/conformal field theory correspondence (AdS/CFT). AdS/CFT posits an equivalence between a gravitational theory and a strongly interacting field theory, allowing the spectrum of applications to be extended to problems in hydrodynamics, condensed matter physics, and nuclear physics. The final, shorter part of the review describes further promising directions where there have been, as yet, few published research articles.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85097196021&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1103/RevModPhys.92.045005

DO - 10.1103/RevModPhys.92.045005

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:85097196021

SN - 0034-6861

VL - 92

JO - REVIEWS OF MODERN PHYSICS

JF - REVIEWS OF MODERN PHYSICS

IS - 4

M1 - 045005

ER -