Latency Bounds of Packet-Based Fronthaul for Cloud-RAN with Functionality Split

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The emerging Cloud-RAN architecture within the fifth generation (5G) of wireless networks plays a vital role in enabling higher flexibility and granularity. On the other hand, Cloud-RAN architecture introduces an additional link between the central, cloudified unit and the distributed radio unit, namely fronthaul (FH). Therefore, the foreseen reliability and latency for 5G services should also be provisioned over the FH link. In this paper, focusing on Ethernet as FH, we present a reliable packet based FH communication and demonstrate the upper and lower bounds of latency that can be offered. These bounds yield insights into the trade-off between reliability and latency, and enable the architecture design through choice of splitting point, focusing on high layer split between PDCP and RLC and low layer split between MAC and PHY, under different FH bandwidth and traffic properties. Presented model is then analyzed both numerically and through simulation, with two classes of 5G services that are ultra reliable low latency (URLL) and enhanced mobile broadband (eMBB).
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2019 IEEE International Conference on Communications, ICC 2019 - Proceedings
ISBN (Electronic)9781538680889
Publication statusPublished - 2019


  • Cloud-RAN
  • Ethernet
  • Fronthaul
  • Latency
  • Lower bound
  • Reliability
  • Upper bound


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