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Lateralization of attention in adults with ADHD: Evidence of pseudoneglect

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Bartosz Helfer, Stefanos Maltezos, Elizabeth Liddle, Jonna Kuntsi, Philip Asherson

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)e68
JournalEuropean psychiatry : the journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
Volume63
Issue number1
DOIs
Published29 Jun 2020

King's Authors

Abstract

BACKGROUND.: We investigated whether adults with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) show pseudoneglect-preferential allocation of attention to the left visual field (LVF) and a resulting slowing of mean reaction times (MRTs) in the right visual field (RVF), characteristic of neurotypical (NT) individuals -and whether lateralization of attention is modulated by presentation speed and incentives. METHOD.: Fast Task, a four-choice reaction-time task where stimuli were presented in LVF or RVF, was used to investigate differences in MRT and reaction time variability (RTV) in adults with ADHD (n = 43) and NT adults (n = 46) between a slow/no-incentive and fast/incentive condition. In the lateralization analyses, pseudoneglect was assessed based on MRT, which was calculated separately for the LVF and RVF for each condition and each study participant. RESULTS.: Adults with ADHD had overall slower MRT and increased RTV relative to NT. MRT and RTV improved under the fast/incentive condition. Both groups showed RVF-slowing with no between-group or between-conditions differences in RVF-slowing. CONCLUSION.: Adults with ADHD exhibited pseudoneglect, a NT pattern of lateralization of attention, which was not attenuated by presentation speed and incentives.

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