The biogeochemical cycles of lead (Pb) have been largely affected by anthropogenic activities as a result of its high natural abundance and use over the centuries . At sites more strongly impacted by urbanization  and mining , Pb is found at high nano to low micromolar concentrations in surface waters, and can be significantly higher in soil and sediment . Microorganisms are found everywhere and their responses to Pb exposure can range from resistant to highly sensitive [5, 6]. These varying levels of toxicity can be attributed to the cellular handling of Pb, making it important to understand the role of intracellular Pb speciation for more accurate toxicity predictions.
|Title of host publication||Lead|
|Subtitle of host publication||Its Effects on Environment and Health|
|Publisher||Walter de Gruyter GmbH|
|Number of pages||19|
|Publication status||Published - 10 Apr 2017|
- Intracellular speciation
- Metal speciation