Learning to identify CNS drug action and efficacy using multistudy fMRI data

Eugene P. Duff*, William Vennart, Richard G. Wise, Matthew A. Howard, Richard E. Harris, Michael Lee, Karolina Wartolowska, Vishvarani Wanigasekera, Frederick J. Wilson, Mark Whitlock, Irene Tracey, Mark W. Woolrich, Stephen M. Smith

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

71 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The therapeutic effects of centrally acting pharmaceuticals can manifest gradually and unreliably in patients, making the drug discovery process slow and expensive. Biological markers providing early evidence for clinical efficacy could help prioritize development of the more promising drug candidates. A potential source of such markers is functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), a noninvasive imaging technique that can complement molecular imaging. fMRI has been used to characterize how drugs cause changes in brain activity. However, variation in study protocols and analysis techniques has made it difficult to identify consistent associations between subtle modulations of brain activity and clinical efficacy. We present and validate a general protocol for functional imaging-based assessment of drug activity in the central nervous system. The protocol uses machine learning methods and data from multiple published studies to identify reliable associations between drug-related activity modulations and drug efficacy, which can then be used to assess new data. A proof-of-concept version of this approach was developed and is shown here for analgesics (pain medication), and validated with eight separate studies of analgesic compounds. Our results show that the systematic integration of multistudy data permits the generalized inferences required for drug discovery. Multistudy integrative strategies of this type could help optimize the drug discovery and validation pipeline.

Original languageEnglish
Article number274ra16
Pages (from-to)1-10
JournalScience Translational Medicine
Volume7
Issue number274
Early online date11 Feb 2015
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 11 Feb 2015

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