Left atrial voltage, circulating biomarkers of fibrosis, and atrial fibrillation ablation. A prospective cohort study

Gordon A. Begg*, Rashed Karim, Tobias Oesterlein, Lee N. Graham, Andrew J. Hogarth, Stephen P. Page, Christopher B. Pepper, Kawal Rhode, Gregory Y.H. Lip, Arun V. Holden, Sven Plein, Muzahir H. Tayebjee

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

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Aims To test the ability of four circulating biomarkers of fibrosis, and of low left atrial voltage, to predict recurrence of atrial fibrillation after catheter ablation. Background Circulating biomarkers potentially may be used to improve patient selection for atrial fibrillation ablation. Low voltage areas in the left atrium predict arrhythmia recurrence when mapped in sinus rhythm. This study tested type III procollagen N terminal peptide (PIIINP), galectin-3 (gal-3), fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF-23), and type I collagen C terminal telopeptide (ICTP), and whether low voltage areas in the left atrium predicted atrial fibrillation recurrence, irrespective of the rhythm during mapping. Methods 92 atrial fibrillation ablation patients were studied. Biomarker levels in peripheral and intracardiac blood were measured with enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Low voltage (<0.5mV) was expressed as a proportion of the mapped left atrial surface area. Follow-up was one year. The primary endpoint was recurrence of arrhythmia. The secondary endpoint was a composite of recurrence despite two procedures, or after one procedure if no second procedure was undertaken. Results The biomarkers were not predictive of either endpoint. After multivariate Cox regression analysis, high proportion of low voltage area in the left atrium was found to predict the primary endpoint in sinus rhythm mapping (hazard ratio 4.323, 95% confidence interval 1.337–13.982, p = 0.014) and atrial fibrillation mapping (hazard ratio 5.195, 95% confidence interval 1.032–26.141, p = 0.046). This effect was also apparent for the secondary endpoint. Conclusion The studied biomarkers do not predict arrhythmia recurrence after catheter ablation. Left atrial voltage is an independent predictor of recurrence, whether the left atrium is mapped in atrial fibrillation or sinus rhythm.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere0189936
JournalPLoS ONE
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2018


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