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Leitlinienkonforme psychiatrisch-psychotherapeutische Behandlung für Patienten mit Schizophrenie: Eine normative Berechnung des benötigten Personalbedarfs

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

S Mehl, P Falkai, M Berger, M Löhr, D Rujescu, J Wolff, T Kircher

Translated title of the contributionGuideline-conform psychiatric psychotherapeutic treatment for patients with schizophrenia: A normative evaluation of necessary personnel requirements
Original languageGerman
JournalNervenarzt
DOIs
Published28 Jan 2016

King's Authors

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Although national treatment guidelines and current publications of the German Federal Joint Committee (Gemeinsamer Bundesausschuss) recommend cognitive behavior therapy for all patients with schizophrenia, the implementation of these recommendations in current inpatient and outpatient treatment is only rudimentary.

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to systematically search randomized controlled studies (RCTs), meta-analyses and the guidelines of the German Association for Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, Psychosomatics and Neurology (DGPPN) and the British National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence (NICE) in order to assess the number of personnel necessary for psychiatric and therapeutic inpatient treatment in line with present guidelines. Moreover, the number of staff required was compared with the personnel resources designated by the German psychiatry personnel regulations (Psych-PV).

METHODS: The German and NICE guidelines, RCTs and meta-analyses were analyzed and an adequate weekly treatment plan for an inpatient unit was developed. Moreover, the number of personnel necessary to realize the treatment plan was calculated.

RESULTS: In order to realize adequate inpatient treatment approximately 107 min extra for medical psychotherapeutic personnel per patient and week (of which 72 min for psychotherapy) and another 60 min for nursing staff per patient and week are required in addition to the current Psych-PV regulations. Thus, implementation in an open ward with 20 inpatients would require 3.62 positions for physicians, 0.7 positions in psychology and 12.85 positions for nursing staff (including management positions and night shifts).

DISCUSSION: These evidence-based recommendations for precise specifications of inpatient treatment should lead to improved inpatient treatment in line with present guidelines. Moreover, outpatients and day patients could be included in this treatment model. The results should be considered in the construction of the future prospective payment system for inpatient psychiatric healthcare in Germany.

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