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Les leucomalacies périventriculaires. I. Aspects histologiques et étiopathogéniques

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

S Marret, V Zupan, P Gressens, H Lagercrantz, P Evrard

Original languageFrench
Pages (from-to)525-37
Number of pages13
JournalArchives De Pediatrie
Volume5
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - May 1998

King's Authors

Abstract

The term 'periventricular leukomalacia' (PVL) usually covers necrotic and/or gliotic lesions from perinatal origin occurring in the periventricular ring of telencephalic white matter. PVLs are found post-mortem in one third of brains from autopsies of premature infants; PVLs are diagnosed in 4 to 10% of infants born before 33 weeks of gestation and remaining alive more than 3 days after birth. PVL is very rare in at term infants. The proportion of PVLs from prenatal origin is estimated between one third and one half of cases. Recent progresses in neuroepidemiology, developmental neurobiology and imaging methods permit to revisit the pathophysiology of PVLs on a multifactorial basis. The final result of these multiple factors seem to be calcium influx due to glutamatergic overactivation triggered by cytokines, infection and inflammation, and deficit in neurotrophic factors. Periventricular topography can be explained by properties of intracerebral vascular wall at this stage of angiogenesis and by perfusion failure/hypoxia.

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