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Lifestyle behaviors among 4,343 Brazilian adults with severe mental illness and 55,859 general population controls: data from the Brazilian National Health Survey

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Lifestyle behaviors among 4,343 Brazilian adults with severe mental illness and 55,859 general population controls : data from the Brazilian National Health Survey. / Werneck, André O; Vancampfort, Davy; Oyeyemi, Adewale L; Szwarcwald, Célia L; Stubbs, Brendon; Silva, Danilo R.

In: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria, 20.12.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Harvard

Werneck, AO, Vancampfort, D, Oyeyemi, AL, Szwarcwald, CL, Stubbs, B & Silva, DR 2019, 'Lifestyle behaviors among 4,343 Brazilian adults with severe mental illness and 55,859 general population controls: data from the Brazilian National Health Survey', Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria. https://doi.org/10.1590/1516-4446-2019-0621

APA

Werneck, A. O., Vancampfort, D., Oyeyemi, A. L., Szwarcwald, C. L., Stubbs, B., & Silva, D. R. (2019). Lifestyle behaviors among 4,343 Brazilian adults with severe mental illness and 55,859 general population controls: data from the Brazilian National Health Survey. Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria. https://doi.org/10.1590/1516-4446-2019-0621

Vancouver

Werneck AO, Vancampfort D, Oyeyemi AL, Szwarcwald CL, Stubbs B, Silva DR. Lifestyle behaviors among 4,343 Brazilian adults with severe mental illness and 55,859 general population controls: data from the Brazilian National Health Survey. Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria. 2019 Dec 20. https://doi.org/10.1590/1516-4446-2019-0621

Author

Werneck, André O ; Vancampfort, Davy ; Oyeyemi, Adewale L ; Szwarcwald, Célia L ; Stubbs, Brendon ; Silva, Danilo R. / Lifestyle behaviors among 4,343 Brazilian adults with severe mental illness and 55,859 general population controls : data from the Brazilian National Health Survey. In: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria. 2019.

Bibtex Download

@article{58907e14b49f477aaeffaf60ac46221d,
title = "Lifestyle behaviors among 4,343 Brazilian adults with severe mental illness and 55,859 general population controls: data from the Brazilian National Health Survey",
abstract = "OBJECTIVE: To analyze the association between severe mental illnesses and health behaviors among Brazilian adults.METHODS: We used data from the Brazilian National Health Survey, a large nationally representative cross-sectional study conducted in 2013 among 60,202 adults (≥ 18 years). Clinical diagnoses (major depressive disorder, bipolar disorder and schizophrenia), lifestyle behaviors (leisure-time physical activity, TV viewing, tobacco use and the consumption of alcohol, sweets, and soft drinks) and potential confounders (chronological age, race, educational and employment status) were self-reported. Logistic regression models were used to examine the associations between severe mental illness and lifestyle behaviors, adjusting for confounders.RESULTS: Schizophrenia (n=41) was associated with lower odds of physical activity (OR 0.08 [95%CI 0.01-0.58]). Major depressive disorder (n=4,014) was associated with higher odds of TV viewing (OR 1.34 [95%CI 1.12-1.61]), tobacco use (OR 1.37 (95%CI 1.18-1.58]), consumption of sweets (OR 1.34 (95%CI 1.15-1.55]) and consumption of soft drinks (OR 1.24 (95%CI 1.06-1.45]). There were no significant associations between bipolar disorder (n=47) and any lifestyle behaviors.CONCLUSIONS: Schizophrenia was associated with lower physical activity, while major depressive disorder was associated with increased TV viewing, tobacco use, and consumption of sweets and soft drinks. These findings reinforce the need for prevention and treatment interventions that focus on people with severe mental illness in Brazil.",
author = "Werneck, {Andr{\'e} O} and Davy Vancampfort and Oyeyemi, {Adewale L} and Szwarcwald, {C{\'e}lia L} and Brendon Stubbs and Silva, {Danilo R}",
year = "2019",
month = dec,
day = "20",
doi = "10.1590/1516-4446-2019-0621",
language = "English",
journal = "Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria",
issn = "1516-4446",
publisher = "Associacao Brasileira de Psiquiatria",

}

RIS (suitable for import to EndNote) Download

TY - JOUR

T1 - Lifestyle behaviors among 4,343 Brazilian adults with severe mental illness and 55,859 general population controls

T2 - data from the Brazilian National Health Survey

AU - Werneck, André O

AU - Vancampfort, Davy

AU - Oyeyemi, Adewale L

AU - Szwarcwald, Célia L

AU - Stubbs, Brendon

AU - Silva, Danilo R

PY - 2019/12/20

Y1 - 2019/12/20

N2 - OBJECTIVE: To analyze the association between severe mental illnesses and health behaviors among Brazilian adults.METHODS: We used data from the Brazilian National Health Survey, a large nationally representative cross-sectional study conducted in 2013 among 60,202 adults (≥ 18 years). Clinical diagnoses (major depressive disorder, bipolar disorder and schizophrenia), lifestyle behaviors (leisure-time physical activity, TV viewing, tobacco use and the consumption of alcohol, sweets, and soft drinks) and potential confounders (chronological age, race, educational and employment status) were self-reported. Logistic regression models were used to examine the associations between severe mental illness and lifestyle behaviors, adjusting for confounders.RESULTS: Schizophrenia (n=41) was associated with lower odds of physical activity (OR 0.08 [95%CI 0.01-0.58]). Major depressive disorder (n=4,014) was associated with higher odds of TV viewing (OR 1.34 [95%CI 1.12-1.61]), tobacco use (OR 1.37 (95%CI 1.18-1.58]), consumption of sweets (OR 1.34 (95%CI 1.15-1.55]) and consumption of soft drinks (OR 1.24 (95%CI 1.06-1.45]). There were no significant associations between bipolar disorder (n=47) and any lifestyle behaviors.CONCLUSIONS: Schizophrenia was associated with lower physical activity, while major depressive disorder was associated with increased TV viewing, tobacco use, and consumption of sweets and soft drinks. These findings reinforce the need for prevention and treatment interventions that focus on people with severe mental illness in Brazil.

AB - OBJECTIVE: To analyze the association between severe mental illnesses and health behaviors among Brazilian adults.METHODS: We used data from the Brazilian National Health Survey, a large nationally representative cross-sectional study conducted in 2013 among 60,202 adults (≥ 18 years). Clinical diagnoses (major depressive disorder, bipolar disorder and schizophrenia), lifestyle behaviors (leisure-time physical activity, TV viewing, tobacco use and the consumption of alcohol, sweets, and soft drinks) and potential confounders (chronological age, race, educational and employment status) were self-reported. Logistic regression models were used to examine the associations between severe mental illness and lifestyle behaviors, adjusting for confounders.RESULTS: Schizophrenia (n=41) was associated with lower odds of physical activity (OR 0.08 [95%CI 0.01-0.58]). Major depressive disorder (n=4,014) was associated with higher odds of TV viewing (OR 1.34 [95%CI 1.12-1.61]), tobacco use (OR 1.37 (95%CI 1.18-1.58]), consumption of sweets (OR 1.34 (95%CI 1.15-1.55]) and consumption of soft drinks (OR 1.24 (95%CI 1.06-1.45]). There were no significant associations between bipolar disorder (n=47) and any lifestyle behaviors.CONCLUSIONS: Schizophrenia was associated with lower physical activity, while major depressive disorder was associated with increased TV viewing, tobacco use, and consumption of sweets and soft drinks. These findings reinforce the need for prevention and treatment interventions that focus on people with severe mental illness in Brazil.

U2 - 10.1590/1516-4446-2019-0621

DO - 10.1590/1516-4446-2019-0621

M3 - Article

C2 - 31859794

JO - Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria

JF - Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria

SN - 1516-4446

ER -

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