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Light new physics in XENON1T

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Original languageEnglish
Article number115013
Number of pages7
JournalPhysical Review D (Particles, Fields, Gravitation and Cosmology)
Issue number11
Published7 Dec 2020

King's Authors


We examine the recently reported low-energy electron recoil spectrum observed at the XENON1T underground dark matter direct detection experiment, in the context of new interactions with solar neutrinos. In particular we show that scalar and vector mediators with masses ≲ 50 keV coupled to leptons could already leave a visible signature in the XENON1T experiment, similar to the observed peak below 7 keV. This signals that dark matter detectors are already competing with neutrino scattering experiments such as GEMMA, CHARM-II and Borexino. If these results from XENON1T are interpreted as a new signal of such physics, the parameters which fit the excess face challenges from astrophysics which seem very difficult to overcome. If they are rather viewed as a constraint on new couplings, they herald the start of an era of novel precise probes of physics beyond the Standard Model with dark matter detectors.

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