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Linear stability analysis of large dynamical systems on random directed graphs

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Izaak Neri, Fernando Lucas Metz

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to) 033313-1 - 033313-33
Number of pages33
JournalPhysical Review Research
Volume2
Issue number3
DOIs
Accepted/In press21 Jul 2020
Published26 Aug 2020

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Abstract

We present a linear stability analysis of stationary states (or fixed points) in large dynamical systems defined on random, directed graphs with a prescribed distribution of indegrees and outdegrees. We obtain two remarkable results for such dynamical systems. First, infinitely large systems on directed graphs can be stable even when the degree distribution has unbounded support; this result is surprising since their counterparts on nondirected graphs are unstable when system size is large enough. Second, we show that the phase transition between the stable and unstable phase is universal in the sense that it depends only on a few parameters, such as, the mean degree and a degree correlation coefficient. In addition, in the unstable regime, we characterize the nature of the destabilizing mode, which also exhibits universal features. These results follow from an exact theory for the leading eigenvalue of infinitely large graphs that are locally treelike and oriented, as well as, the right and left eigenvectors associated with the leading eigenvalue. We corroborate analytical results for infinitely large graphs with numerical experiments on random graphs of finite size. We discuss how the presented theory can be extended to graphs with diagonal disorder and to graphs that contain nondirected links. Finally, we discuss the influence of cycles and how they can destabilize large dynamical systems when they induce strong feedback loops.

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