Lived experience of people with adrenocortical carcinoma and associated adrenal insufficiency

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)
76 Downloads (Pure)


Introduction: Adrenocortical carcinoma (ACC) is a rare cancer with an annual incidence of 0.7-2 cases per million population and 5-year survival of 31.2%. Adrenal insufficiency (AI) is a common and life shortening complication of ACC and little is understood about how it impacts on patients’ experience.

Objective: To understand patients’ lived experience of the condition, its treatment, care process, impact of AI on ACC wellbeing, self-care needs and support.

Methods: Systematic review of MEDLINE, EMBASES, CINAHL, PsycINFO and Open Grey for studies published until February 2021. All research designs were included. The findings underwent a thematic analysis and narrative synthesis. Studies quality was assessed using mixed method assessment tools.

Results: A total of 2837 citations were identified; 15 titles with cohort, cross sectional, case series and case report study designs met the inclusion criteria involving 479 participants with adrenal insufficiency secondary to adrenocortical carcinoma (AI/ACC). Quantitative research identified impacts of disease and treatment on survivorship, the burden of living with AI/ACC, toxicity of therapies, supporting self-care and AI management. These impact factors included adjuvant therapies involved and their toxicities, caregivers/family supports, healthcare and structure support in place, specialist skill and knowledge provided by healthcare professional on ACC management. No qualitative patient experiences evidence was identified.

Conclusion: ACC appears to have high impact on patients’ wellbeing including the challenges with self-care and managing AI. Evidence is needed to understand patient experience from a qualitative perspective.
Original languageEnglish
Article numbere341
JournalEndocrinology, Diabetes & Metabolism
Issue number4
Early online date6 Jun 2022
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2022


Dive into the research topics of 'Lived experience of people with adrenocortical carcinoma and associated adrenal insufficiency'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this