This study evaluated the long-term durability of three one-step adhesive-composite systems to ground enamel and dentin. Twenty-seven teeth were randomly divided into three groups of nine. The first group had its crowns sectioned to expose superficial dentin, which was then ground with 600 grit SiC paper. One of three one-step adhesives: a trial bonding agent, OBF-2; i Bond or Adper Prompt L-Pop was applied to the dentin of three teeth and built-up with the corresponding resin composite (Estelite 1, Venus or Filtek Supreme). The second group of nine teeth had their enamel approximal surfaces ground with wet 600-grit SiC paper, then one of the three one-step adhesives was applied and built-up with resin composite. The bonded specimens were sliced into 0.7 mm-thick slabs. After 24 hours and one year of water storage at 37 degrees C, the slabs were sectioned into beams for the microtensile bond strength test. Failure modes were observed using optical and electron scanning microscopy. The third group of nine teeth had approximal wedge-shaped cavities prepared above the CEJ into dentin. Two-to-three grains of rhodamine B were added to each of the three adhesives prior to restoring the cavities with resin composite. After 24 hours storage, the teeth were sectioned and their interfaces examined with a laser scanning confocal microscope. The bond strengths of the three adhesive-composite systems to both enamel and dentin significantly lessened after one year of water storage, however, there was no significant difference between the materials.