Looking forward to a decade of the biopsychosocial model

Derek Bolton*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Citations (Scopus)


The topic of this article is the biopsychosocial model. My main contention is that - notwithstanding doubts as to what exactly it is, or indeed whether it is anything - there is a coherent account of it, in terms of both applications to particular health conditions and mechanisms with wide application. There is accumulating evidence from recent decades that psychosocial as well as biological factors are implicated in the aetiology and treatment of a large range of physical as well as mental health conditions. The original proposer of the biopsychosocial model, George Engel, back in 1977, was substantially correct about what he saw was on its way.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)228-232
Number of pages5
JournalBJPsych Bulletin
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 17 Aug 2022


  • biomedical model
  • biomedically unexplained symptoms
  • biopsychosocial health sciences
  • Biopsychosocial model
  • George Engel


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