Loop operators and S-duality from curves on Riemann surfaces

N Drukker, D Morrison, T Okuda

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

94 Citations (Scopus)


We study Wilson-'t Hooft loop operators in a class of = 2 superconformal field theories recently introduced by Gaiotto. In the case that the gauge group is a product of SU(2) groups, we classify all possible loop operators in terms of their electric and magnetic charges subject to the Dirac quantization condition. We then show that this precisely matches Dehn's classification of homotopy classes of non-self-intersecting curves on an associated Riemann surface — the same surface which characterizes the gauge theory. Our analysis provides an explicit prediction for the action of S-duality on loop operators in these theories which we check against the known duality transformation in several examples.
Original languageEnglish
Article number031
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 2009


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