Loss of extra-striatal phosphodiesterase 10A expression in early premanifest Huntington's disease gene carriers

Heather Wilson, Flavia Niccolini, Salman Haider, Tiago Reis Marques, Gennaro Pagano, Christopher Coello, Sridhar Natesan, Shitij Kapur, Eugenii A. Rabiner, Roger N. Gunn, Sarah J. Tabrizi, Marios Politis*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

35 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Huntington's disease (HD) is a monogenic neurodegenerative disorder with an underlying pathology involving the toxic effect of mutant huntingtin protein primarily in striatal and cortical neurons. Phosphodiesterase 10A (PDE10A) regulates intracellular signalling cascades, thus having a key role in promoting neuronal survival. Using positron emission tomography (PET) with [11C]IMA107, we investigated the in vivo extra-striatal expression of PDE10A in 12 early premanifest HD gene carriers. Image processing and kinetic modelling was performed using MIAKAT™. Parametric images of [11C]IMA107 non-displaceable binding potential (BPND) were generated from the dynamic [11C]IMA107 scans using the simplified reference tissue model with the cerebellum as the reference tissue for nonspecific binding. We set a threshold criterion for meaningful quantification of [11C]IMA107 BPND at 0.30 in healthy control data; regions meeting this criterion were designated as regions of interest (ROIs). MRI-based volumetric analysis showed no atrophy in ROIs. We found significant differences in mean ROIs [11C]IMA107 BPND between HD gene carriers and healthy controls. HD gene carriers had significant loss of PDE10A within the insular cortex and occipital fusiform gyrus compared to healthy controls. Insula and occipital fusiform gyrus are important brain areas for the regulation of cognitive and limbic function that is impaired in HD. Our findings suggest that dysregulation of PDE10A-mediated intracellular signalling could be an early phenomenon in the course of HD with relevance also for extra-striatal brain areas.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)243-248
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of the Neurological Sciences
Volume368
Early online date15 Jul 2016
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Sept 2016

Keywords

  • Insula
  • MRI
  • Occipital fusiform gyrus
  • PDE10A
  • PET
  • Premanifest Huntington's disease

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Loss of extra-striatal phosphodiesterase 10A expression in early premanifest Huntington's disease gene carriers'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this