Develop a novel approach for accelerated 2D free-breathing myocardial perfusion via low-rank motion-corrected (LRMC) reconstructions.
Myocardial perfusion imaging requires high spatial and temporal resolution, despite scan time constraints. Here, we incorporate LRMC models into the reconstruction-encoding operator, together with high-dimensionality patch-based regularization, to produce high quality, motion-corrected myocardial perfusion series from free-breathing acquisitions. The proposed framework estimates beat-to-beat nonrigid respiratory (and any other incidental) motion and the dynamic contrast subspace from the actual acquired data, which are then incorporated into the proposed LRMC reconstruction. LRMC was compared with iterative SENSitivity Encoding (SENSE) (itSENSE) and low-rank plus sparse (LpS) reconstruction in 10 patients based on image-quality scoring and ranking by two clinical expert readers.
LRMC achieved significantly improved results relative to itSENSE and LpS in terms of image sharpness, temporal coefficient of variation, and expert reader evaluation. Left ventricle image sharpness was approximately 75%, 79%, and 86% for itSENSE, LpS and LRMC, respectively, indicating improved image sharpness for the proposed approach. Corresponding temporal coefficient of variation results were 23%, 11% and 7%, demonstrating improved temporal fidelity of the perfusion signal with the proposed LRMC. Corresponding clinical expert reader scores (1–5, from poor to excellent image quality) were 3.3, 3.9 and 4.9, demonstrating improved image quality with the proposed LRMC, in agreement with the automated metrics.
LRMC produces motion-corrected myocardial perfusion in free-breathing acquisitions with substantially improved image quality when compared with iterative SENSE and LpS reconstructions.