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LV function validation of computer-assisted interventional system for cardiac resyncronisation therapy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Maria Panayiotou, R James Housden, Athanasius Ishak, Alexander Brost, Christopher A Rinaldi, Benjamin Sieniewicz, Jonathan M Behar, Tanja Kurzendorfer, Kawal S Rhode

Original languageEnglish
JournalInternational Journal of Computer Assisted Radiology and Surgery
Early online date30 Mar 2018
DOIs
Accepted/In press21 Mar 2018
E-pub ahead of print30 Mar 2018

King's Authors

Abstract

PURPOSE: Cardiac resynchronisation therapy (CRT) is an established treatment for symptomatic patients with heart failure, a prolonged QRS duration, and impaired left ventricular (LV) function; however, non-response rates remain high. Recently proposed computer-assisted interventional platforms for CRT provide new routes to improving outcomes. Interventional systems must process information in an accurate, fast and highly automated way that is easy for the interventional cardiologists to use. In this paper, an interventional CRT platform is validated against two offline diagnostic tools to demonstrate that accurate information processing is possible in the time critical interventional setting.

METHODS: The study consisted of 3 healthy volunteers and 16 patients with heart failure and conventional criteria for CRT. Data analysis included the calculation of end-diastolic volume, end-systolic volume, stroke volume and ejection fraction; computation of global volume over the cardiac cycle as well as time to maximal contraction expressed as a percentage of the total cardiac cycle.

RESULTS: The results showed excellent correlation ([Formula: see text] values of [Formula: see text] and Pearson correlation coefficient of [Formula: see text]) with comparable offline diagnostic tools.

CONCLUSION: Results confirm that our interventional system has good accuracy in everyday clinical practice and can be of clinical utility in identification of CRT responders and LV function assessment.

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