Machine Learning for 6G Enhanced Ultra-Reliable and Low-Latency Services

Yan Liu, Yansha Deng, Arumugam Nallanathan, Jinhong Yuan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)


Ultra-reliable and low-latency communications (URLLC), as one of the major communication services of the fifth-generation (5G) and the sixth-generation (6G) cellular networks, is critical to supporting a variety of emerging mission-critical applications. However, the modern mobile networks could not satisfy the latency and reliability requirements, as well as other Quality of Service (QoS) requirements, including spectrum efficiency, energy efficiency, capacity, jitter, round-trip delay, network coverage, etc. To fulfill diverse QoS requirements for various URLLC applications, machine learning (ML) solutions are promising for future 6G networks. In this article, we first categorize the 6G URLLC vision into three connectivity characteristics, including ubiquitous connectivity, deep connectivity, and holographic connectivity, with their corresponding unique QoS requirements. We then identify potential challenges in meeting these connectivity requirements, and investigate promising ML solutions to achieve the intelligent connectivity for the 6G URLLC service. We further discuss how to implement the ML algorithms to guarantee the QoS requirements for different URLLC scenarios, including mobility URLLC, massive URLLC, and broadband URLLC. Finally, we present a case study of downlink URLLC channel access problems, solved by centralized deep reinforcement learning (CDRL) and federated DRL (FDRL), respectively, which validates the effectiveness of machine learning for URLLC services.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)48-54
Number of pages7
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2023


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