Magnetic resonance elastography in the liver at 3 Tesla using a second harmonic approach

D A Herzka, M S Kotys, R Sinkus, R I Pettigrew, A M Gharib

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41 Citations (Scopus)


Magnetic resonance elastography (MRE) using mechanical stimulation has demonstrated diagnostic value and clinical promise in breast, liver, and kidney at 1.5 Tesla (T). However, MRE at 1.5T suffers from long imaging times and would benefit from greater signal-to-noise for more robust postprocessing. We present an MRE sequence modified for liver imaging at 3.0T. To avoid artifacts in the phase images, the sequence maintains a short TE by using a second harmonic approach, including stronger motion encoding gradients, shorter radio frequency pulses and an echo-planar readout. Scan time was decreased by a factor of approximately 2 relative to 1.5T by using an EPI readout and a higher density sampling of the phase waveform was used to calculate shear stiffness and viscosity. Localized (small region of interest) and global (whole-liver region of interest) measurements in normal healthy subjects compared very favorably with previously published results at 1.5T. There was no significant difference between global and localized measures.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)284-291
Number of pages8
JournalMagnetic Resonance in Medicine
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2009


  • Adult
  • Elastic Modulus
  • Elasticity Imaging Techniques
  • Humans
  • Image Interpretation, Computer-Assisted
  • Liver
  • Male
  • Viscosity


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