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Making the Rules of Sports Fairer

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Making the Rules of Sports Fairer. / Brams, Steven; Ismail, Mehmet.

In: SIAM REVIEW, Vol. 60, No. 1, 07.02.2018, p. 181-202.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Harvard

Brams, S & Ismail, M 2018, 'Making the Rules of Sports Fairer', SIAM REVIEW, vol. 60, no. 1, pp. 181-202. https://doi.org/10.1137/16M1074540

APA

Brams, S., & Ismail, M. (2018). Making the Rules of Sports Fairer. SIAM REVIEW, 60(1), 181-202. https://doi.org/10.1137/16M1074540

Vancouver

Brams S, Ismail M. Making the Rules of Sports Fairer. SIAM REVIEW. 2018 Feb 7;60(1):181-202. https://doi.org/10.1137/16M1074540

Author

Brams, Steven ; Ismail, Mehmet. / Making the Rules of Sports Fairer. In: SIAM REVIEW. 2018 ; Vol. 60, No. 1. pp. 181-202.

Bibtex Download

@article{f7bff6ea0ce048e7a9bf025e7fbefb27,
title = "Making the Rules of Sports Fairer",
abstract = "The rules of many sports are not fair — they do not ensure that equally skilled competitors have the same probability of winning. As an example, the penalty shootout in soccer, wherein a coin toss determines which team kicks first on all five penalty kicks, gives a substantial advantage to the first-kicking team, both in theory and practice. We show that a so-called Catch-Up Rule for determining the order of kicking would not only make the shootout fairer but also is essentially strategy proof. By contrast, the so-called Standard Rule now used for the tiebreaker in tennis is fair. We briefly consider several other sports, all of which involve scoring a sufficient number of points to win, and show how they could benefit from certain rule changes, which would be straightforward to implement.",
author = "Steven Brams and Mehmet Ismail",
year = "2018",
month = "2",
day = "7",
doi = "10.1137/16M1074540",
language = "English",
volume = "60",
pages = "181--202",
journal = "SIAM REVIEW",
issn = "0036-1445",
publisher = "Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics Publications",
number = "1",

}

RIS (suitable for import to EndNote) Download

TY - JOUR

T1 - Making the Rules of Sports Fairer

AU - Brams, Steven

AU - Ismail, Mehmet

PY - 2018/2/7

Y1 - 2018/2/7

N2 - The rules of many sports are not fair — they do not ensure that equally skilled competitors have the same probability of winning. As an example, the penalty shootout in soccer, wherein a coin toss determines which team kicks first on all five penalty kicks, gives a substantial advantage to the first-kicking team, both in theory and practice. We show that a so-called Catch-Up Rule for determining the order of kicking would not only make the shootout fairer but also is essentially strategy proof. By contrast, the so-called Standard Rule now used for the tiebreaker in tennis is fair. We briefly consider several other sports, all of which involve scoring a sufficient number of points to win, and show how they could benefit from certain rule changes, which would be straightforward to implement.

AB - The rules of many sports are not fair — they do not ensure that equally skilled competitors have the same probability of winning. As an example, the penalty shootout in soccer, wherein a coin toss determines which team kicks first on all five penalty kicks, gives a substantial advantage to the first-kicking team, both in theory and practice. We show that a so-called Catch-Up Rule for determining the order of kicking would not only make the shootout fairer but also is essentially strategy proof. By contrast, the so-called Standard Rule now used for the tiebreaker in tennis is fair. We briefly consider several other sports, all of which involve scoring a sufficient number of points to win, and show how they could benefit from certain rule changes, which would be straightforward to implement.

U2 - 10.1137/16M1074540

DO - 10.1137/16M1074540

M3 - Article

VL - 60

SP - 181

EP - 202

JO - SIAM REVIEW

JF - SIAM REVIEW

SN - 0036-1445

IS - 1

ER -

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