Managing direct oral anticoagulants, in accordance with the Scottish Dental Clinical Effectiveness Programme guidance, for patients undergoing dentoalveolar surgery

Sarah Woolcombe, Rebecca Ball, Jignesh Patel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)
33 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Introduction The Scottish Dental Clinical Effectiveness Programme (SDCEP) guidance on the management of dental patients taking anticoagulant or antiplatelet drugs provides recommendations on the management of patients taking direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs). This guidance was developed by a multidisciplinary Guidance Development Group, based on available resources at the time of publication. We aim to describe our experience of managing a cohort of adult patients prescribed DOACs, undergoing dentoalveolar procedures in accordance with the SDCEP guidance, between April 2017 and March 2020. Methods As part of our routine practice, patients received a telephone consultation one week following treatment, to assess any post-operative bleeding. Review of the clinical notes was used to assess clinician adherence to the guidance recommendations. Results In total, 98 patients underwent 119 dentoalveolar procedures. Persistent bleeding followed 17 (14.3%) procedures, of which 11 (9.2%) procedures required specific intervention. Absolute compliance with the recommendations was 43.7%, supporting the recommendation for audit and staff education. Discussion A diagnosis of heart failure and advanced age were identified as contributory factors to post-operative bleeding. Conclusions The SDCEP guidance is safe to follow, with no patients experiencing major haemorrhage. Consulting a medical specialist for patients with heart failure of likely significance, based on the medical or drug history, in addition to those who report an advanced heart failure diagnosis and the frail/older person, could reduce the incidence of post-operative bleeding.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)547-554
Number of pages8
JournalBritish Dental Journal
Volume232
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 22 Apr 2022

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