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Managing direct oral anticoagulants in patients undergoing dentoalveolar surgery

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Jignesh Prakash Patel, Sarah Woolcombe, Rajesh Patel, Olamide Obisesan, Lara Roberts, Catherine Bryant, Roopen Arya

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)245-249
Number of pages5
JournalBritish Dental Journal
Volume222
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 24 Feb 2017

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Abstract

Our objective was to describe our experience of managing a cohort of adult patients prescribed direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs) undergoing dentoalveolar procedures between November 2012 and May 2016. Prior to conducting a procedure a formal assessment was made of each patient's anticoagulation treatment. A specific plan was then formulated, balancing the risk of bleeding with the risk of thrombosis. Patients received a telephone consultation one week following treatment to assess any post-operative bleeding. Eighty-two patients underwent 111 oral surgical procedures, the majority of which were dental extractions. In the case of 35 (32%) procedures, advice was given to omit the DOAC, either before or after treatment. There was no bleeding following the majority of procedures. Persistent bleeding followed 15 (13.5%) procedures, of which 7 (6.3%) procedures required specific intervention. The majority of patients prescribed DOACs can undergo dentoalveolar procedures safely. Important considerations when planning treatment are: (i) when the patient usually takes their dose of DOAC, (ii) the time the procedure is performed and, (iii) when the DOAC is taken post-procedure. In our experience, if these factors are considered carefully, omission of DOAC doses is unlikely to be required for most patients.

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